FCI - Breed Standard











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FCI means : Federation Cynologie Internationaal

These pages contain an illustration of correct Newfoundland construction of the
Newfoundland breed standard.



General Appearance


Mouth Head and Skull
Tail Body
Characteristics Muzzle
Neck Eyes
Muzzle Hindquarters
Temperament Size
Forequarters Ears
Coat Gait / Movement

Dewfy and Dutch Dream of The End of the Line




General Appearance 
Well balanced, impresses with strength and great activity. Massive bone throughout, but not giving heavy inactive appearance. Noble, majestic and powerful.
The body of the female can be langer.
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Zenkon of the End of the Line bijna 3 jaar

The Ideal Type

Ch Poemba van het Knosselbos : 2 year

Ch Romanov v.d. Berenstal almost 2-jaar

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Large draught and water dog, with natural life-saving instinct, and devoted companion.

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Exceptionally gentle, docile nature.

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Head and Skull 

Head broad and massive, occipital bone well developed, no decided stop, muzzle short
clean cut and rather square, covered with short fine hair.

Zenkon of The End of the Line : 2,5 year

Zazou of The End of the Line : 16,5 months

Square, deep and not to long covered with short fine hair and free of wrinkles

For Romance of The End of the Line

WW/Int/Ch : Captain Moritz Berenbont 

Ch Romanov van de Berenstal :1 year

Dutchess of The End of the Line

Zenga of The End of the Line

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Small, dark brown, rather deeply set, not showing haw, set rather wide apart.

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Small, set well back, square with skull, lying close to head, covered with short hair without fringe.

CH, Cle Bas Sober and Brown
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Soft and well covered by lips. Scissor bite preferred, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws, but pincer tolerated.

Dewfy of The End of the Line
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Strong, well set on shoulders.

Legs perfectly straight, well-muscled, elbows fitting close to sides, well let down.

Ch Jehaj Ludvig pedigree
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Well ribbed, back broad with level topline, strong muscular loins. Chest deep, fairly broad.

For Romance of The End of the Line : almost 5 Years and pregnant

Very well built and strong. Slackness of loins and cow-hocks most undesirable. Dewclaws should be removed.

Large, webbed, and well shaped. Splayed or turned out feet most undesirable.

Moderate length, reaching a little below hock. Fair thickness well covered with hair, but not forming a flag. When standing hangs down-wards with slight curve at end. Tails with a kink or curled over back are most undesirable.
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Gait / Movement 
Free, slight rolling gait. When in motion slight toe-in at front acceptable.

New Admiral

 ( Nautic )

v. Nikita's Berenbrigade


Average height at the shoulder: dogs 71 cms (28 ins); bitches 66 cms (26 ins). 
Average weight: dogs 64-69 kgs (140-150 lbs); bitches 50-54.5 kgs (110-120 lbs).
Taller is reconmended but size and weight are important and it is essential that symmetry is maintained. 

Esprit Sage (Dion) d'Une Terre d'Amour et de Paix
: 11 months en 76 cm.

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Double, flat and dense, of coarse texture and oily nature, water-resistant. When brushed wrong way it falls back into place naturally.
Fore legs well feathered. Body well covered but chest hair not forming a frill. Hind legs slightly feathered.

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Only permitted colours are: - 

Black: dull jet black may be tinged with bronze. Splash of white on the chest, toes and tip of tail acceptable. 

Brown: can be chocolate or bronze. In all other respects follow black except for colour. Splash of white on the chest, toes and tip of tail acceptable. 

Landseer: white and black markings only. For preference black head with narrow blaze, evenly marked saddle, black rump extending to tail. Beauty in markings to be taken greatly into consideration. Ticking undesirable. 

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Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree. 

Note: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. 

A part of the comment done by Mrs Kitty Drury ( Dryad's kennel ) after judging the Special Club Show.

In Holland
: 1983

I would like to say that most likely, the soundest dogs in the world are the Americn dogs. I say that with pride and complete honesty; that the American dogs are most likely the soundest Newfoundlands in the world. We may lack in other things but we do not lack in that. I think too that possibly the Newfoundlands in America have a neck a little longer than most of the European dogs; that is, of course, a matter of opinion but I personally feel that a little more length of neck in some of the Dutch dogs would give them a little better balance ( 1983 ). I feel that a Newfoundland needs a length of neck for being a working swimming dog as it has to be able to see when it is swimming above the waves. My other comment on the Dutch dogs would be that they were in excellent condition and the people had worked very hard to have them trimmed properly and brushed well. They can be proud of their dogs. 

Outstanding was the fact that most of the dogs had a very dark eye. I think that the eyes of the Dutch dogs are the darkest in any country that I know of. When you looked at them they had a very soft expression. All in all, I think the Dutch people have made great strides and can be well proud of their dark eyed, good boned, nice dogs. One word about judging Newfoundlands all over the world, which I have been fortunate enough to do; we must remember that all of the standards are alike. They vary in no major way. One standard may bve slightly longer than another but none of them vary in head type nor eye colour, nor soundness nor balance. They are all the same. So, therefore, Newfoundlands all over the world tend to be the same. I have judged Newfoundlands in ten countries and have always found that the good ones are the good ones around the world. A good one in Germany and Australia or Denmark or England can win in America the way a good one in America can win in any of those countries.  
There is no such thing as an 'American type' or 'European type'
There are dogs that we do not prefer that may have a look that we do not like from Europe as the Europeans may not like the look of some of our dogs.  
But the best dogs in all the countries all look alike.

The End of the Line 

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